NASA’s Mars Helicopter Ingenuity Shifts Into New Operational Test Phase

by akoloy


LOS ANGELES—After exceeding all expectations with its preliminary 4 test flights, the primary ever by an plane over the floor of one other planet, NASA’s tiny Mars robotic helicopter Ingenuity is prepared for commencement.

The U.S. area company introduced on Friday that Ingenuity is shifting from a pure proof-of-concept, know-how demonstration mode to a extra bold mission gauging how aerial scouting and different capabilities would possibly profit future scientific exploration of the Red Planet.

Ingenuity’s 30-day deliberate venture extension was outlined throughout a briefing from its mission management middle at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) close to Los Angeles, the place the twin-rotor plane was designed and constructed.

The new “operational demonstration” part of the 4-pound (1.8 kg), solar-powered chopper started with its fourth takeoff on an almost two-minute flight Friday morning,

Data returned from Ingenuity later within the day confirmed that it lined a round-trip distance of 872 toes (266 meters)—roughly the size of three American soccer fields—at a pace of just about 8 miles per hour (3.5 meters per second).

The helicopter flew at top of about 16 toes (5 meters), thought of ultimate for the ground-surveillance work it was performing whereas aloft and matching the altitude of its second and third flights.

The newest outing topped the pace and distance data set on April 25 by flight No. 3, which went farther and sooner than the check flights performed on Earth.

shadow-of-ingenuity
The shadow of NASA’s Mars helicopter Ingenuity is seen throughout its second flight, captured by its black-and-white navigation digicam, on April 22, 2021. (NASA/JPL-Caltech/Handout by way of Reuters)

By comparability, Ingenuity’s very first 39-second flight on Mars on April 19 climbed simply 10 toes (3 meters) excessive, hovered in place briefly and descended straight again down for touchdown.

While humble when it comes to mere metrics, NASA likened the achievement to the Wright Brothers’ historic first managed flight of their motor-driven airplane close to Kitty Hawk, North Carolina, in 1903.

For NASA, the problem was powering an plane within the ultra-thin air of Mars, whose ambiance is simply 1 p.c as dense as Earth’s, making it particularly troublesome to generate aerodynamic elevate. To compensate engineers geared up Ingenuity with rotor blades which are bigger and spin way more quickly than can be wanted on Earth.

The miniature helicopter hitched a journey to Mars strapped to the stomach of the NASA science rover Perseverance, a six-wheeled astrobiology lab that landed on Feb. 18 in an unlimited basin known as Jezero Crater after an almost seven-month journey by way of area.

Except for a pc software program glitch that has twice delayed Ingenuity flights, the rotorcraft has operated flawlessly, assembly all technical aims in its first three flights on Mars, stated MiMi Aung, Ingenuity venture supervisor at JPL.

“And now it’s like Ingenuity is graduating, from a tech-demo phase to the new ops-demo phase,” she stated.

On its newest jaunt, Ingenuity snapped 60 black-and-white pictures and several other coloration photographs of the Martian floor whereas buzzing over the planet’s reddish-orange panorama.

The photos will likely be usual into three-dimensional digital elevation maps to be used in choosing an acceptable new takeoff and touchdown zone for later flights.

Mars
This mixture of pictures from video made out there by NASA reveals steps within the descent of the Mars Perseverance rover because it approaches the floor of the planet on Feb. 18, 2021. (NASA/JPL-Caltech by way of AP)

Similar monitoring operations may be used to assist mission managers conduct low-altitude science observations of websites not simply reached by a rover, and to scout for most popular rover routes to numerous floor locations.

The subsequent flight, No. 5, will ship Ingenuity on a one-way journey to a brand new “air field” in two or three weeks as engineers proceed to press the helicopter past its design limits, Aung stated. However, mission managers will most likely not push the plane fairly so onerous as they might have in any other case with out its new “ops-demo” mission, she informed reporters.

Meanwhile, JPL will proceed making ready Perseverance for its main mission, a seek for traces of fossilized microorganisms in Jezero Crater. Scientists count on to start accumulating Martian rock samples there in July.

By Steve Gorman



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